WEEK 20 : "The Time of the Beginning"

1. SCRIPTURE

Mk. 1:1 The beginning of the Gospel of Yeshua the Messiah, the Son of God.
Lk. 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,
Lk. 3:2 Annas and Caiphas being High Priests, the word of God came to Yochanan the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Luke 3:1-2 (NKJV) Other versions ...


2. COMMENTARY

Vs. 3:1: This verse establishes the year of the appearance of Yochanan haMatbil and hence the subsequent public ministry of Yeshua. Luke, writing to the Greeks who are historically minded, is very careful to date the material. The fifteenth year of Tiberius was 28/29, as he reigned for 22 years and some 5 to 6 months, from 14 to 37 C.E. Pontius Pilate was procurator from 26-36, and Caiphas was High Priest over almost the same period, 26-35 C.E. Herod Antipas ruled Galilee from 4B.C.E. to 40 C.E., and Philip his assortment of lands from 4 B.C.E. to 34 C.E.

As to “Lysanias,” Luke is at variance with Josephus. Lysanias was killed by Marc Antony during the reign of Herod the Great. This small territory of Lysanias was leased by Zenodorus (or “Zeno,” Wars 1.20.4) and was later given by Caesar to Philip. After Philip’s death this little region that had belonged to Lysanias, along with other pieces of Philip’s territory, weas given to Agrippa by the Emperor Claudius circa 40 C.E. This little territory never had a name. It was referred to familiarly, something like “that piece of land that used to belong to Lysanias.”

3. DISCUSSIONS

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