RABBI GUTMANN answers ...

The evidence of the New Testament seems to suggest that Aramaic had replaced Hebrew in everday usage at the time Jesus lived. When Jesus said "Ephratha" and "Eloi, Eloi lama Sabachtani" as quoted in Greek in the Gospels, he was using Aramaic. "Sabachtani" would be "Azabtani" if spoken iin Hebrew. Interestingly one Gospel suggests Jesus called out to His Father using the Hebrew "Eli" rather than "Elohi " or "Eloi" the Aramaic form, but otherwise such evidence as we have suggests Aramaic had supplanted Hebrew!

SANDRA JEFFERY answers ...

Jesus and his disciples spoke Aramaic as well as Koine Greek. Hebrew, the language of study, religion, formal, and literary works, ceased to be a spoken language around 250 B.C. With the growth of the Greek Empire and the spread of the Greek language, the Old Testament was translated into Koine (common) Greek around 250 – 100 B.C. By the time of the Lord Jesus Christ, Koine Greek had become the popular language used in the Mediterranean world and for this reason, the New Testament was written in Koine Greek, however a few Aramaic phrases are found in the New Testament because Aramaic was the dialect of the people of Israel. (The Old Testament was originally written in two Semitic languages, Hebrew and Aramaic, with the vast majority of it written in Hebrew.)

RABBI JOSEPH KRESEFSKY answers ...

Hebrew and Aramaic

BOB DOTY answers ...

Answer: Yeshua spoke primarily Hebrew, with a little Aramaic and Greek mixed in. The Dead Sea Scrolls are the primary evidence for this, plus several other things.

RABBI CRAWFORD answers ...

Aramaic

HENRY BRINKMAN answers ...

I believe that Jesus spoke Aramaic for the everyday living needs, and He spoke Hebrew for the teaching in the Temple. I believe that the language system was probably similar to today, in the fact that as you travel through Europe, each country had a primary language but each division of the country has its own dialect. I would like to think that the main language in the time of Jesus was Greek, but the Israelites spoke Hebrew and the dialect was Aramaic. Jesus probably spoke all three.

RABBI MAX answers ...

The Common daily language spoken in Jesus day amongst the Israelites was Aramaic. Many people would also have spoken the trade languages of Greek and Latin, these however would have been secondary to the locals. The Religious and Torah educated would also have been fluent in Hebrew.